[openstack-dev] Fwd: FW: [Neutron] Group Based Policy and the way forward

Prasad Vellanki prasad.vellanki at oneconvergence.com
Wed Aug 6 20:51:52 UTC 2014

Doesnt the current plugin model in neutron work the way you are saying. We
have a a core set of APIs that there is a reference model for and
individual vendors have substituted plugins that enhance and sometimes
replace networking component. GBP in that respect does not change. There is
a reference implementation in neutron for declarative model in neutron and
vendors can substitute their implementation to enhance what is in

But what you need to understand is the declarative model that it provides
which Ryan has elaborated which current neutron does not provide.


On Wed, Aug 6, 2014 at 1:27 PM, Jay Pipes <jaypipes at gmail.com> wrote:

> On 08/06/2014 04:13 PM, Sumit Naiksatam wrote:
>> On Wed, Aug 6, 2014 at 12:46 PM, Kevin Benton <blak111 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>> I believe the referential security group rules solve this problem (unless
>>>> I'm not understanding):
>>> I think the disconnect is that you are comparing the way to current
>>> mapping
>>> driver implements things for the reference implementation with the
>>> existing
>>> APIs. Under this light, it's not going to look like there is a point to
>>> this
>>> code being in Neutron since, as you said, the abstraction could happen
>>> at a
>>> client. However, this changes once new mapping drivers can be added that
>>> implement things differently.
>>> Let's take the security groups example. Using the security groups API
>>> directly is imperative ("put a firewall rule on this port that blocks
>>> this
>>> IP") compared to a higher level declarative abstraction ("make sure these
>>> two endpoints cannot communicate"). With the former, the ports must
>>> support
>>> security groups and there is nowhere except for the firewall rules on
>>> that
>>> port to implement it without violating the user's expectation. With the
>>> latter, a mapping driver could determine that communication between these
>>> two hosts can be prevented by using an ACL on a router or a switch, which
>>> doesn't violate the user's intent and buys a performance improvement and
>>> works with ports that don't support security groups.
>>> Group based policy is trying to move the requests into the declarative
>>> abstraction so optimizations like the one above can be made.
>> Kevin, you have captured the GBP value prop and difference very
>> succinctly. The major difference is in the declarative (GBP) versus
>> imperative (current) style of programming.
>> This has been stated very clearly and explicitly in the blueprint
>> spec. If one does not appreciate the difference or advantage of one
>> over the other, then this discussion is pointless.
> "One" does appreciate the value of having porcelain APIs overlay a
> plumbing API. This discussion was about the proper way and place to
> introduce such functionality.
> However, it seems to me that the end-goal of the GBP effort is *actually*
> to provide a higher-layer API to Neutron that would essentially enable
> proprietary vendors to entirely swap out all of Neutron core for a new set
> of drivers that spoke proprietary device APIs.
> If this is the end-goal, it should be stated more clearly, IMO.
> The classic plumbing versus porcelain API conversation [1] is a good one,
> and one worth having in the context of Neutron.
> It's almost like some Neutron contributor folks are saying "let's add a
> porcelain API so we can ditch all the existing plumbing APIs and replace
> with our own stuff". And that's not what the point of plumbing vs.
> porcelain is.
> -jay
> [1] http://git-scm.com/book/en/Git-Internals-Plumbing-and-Porcelain
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