NUMATopologyFilter and AMD Epyc Rome

Stephen Finucane stephenfin at
Thu Nov 19 12:25:46 UTC 2020

On Thu, 2020-11-19 at 12:00 +0000, Eyle Brinkhuis wrote:
> Hi all,
> We’re running into an issue with deploying our infrastructure to run
> high throughput, low latency workloads.
> Background:
> We run Lenovo SR635 systems with an AMD Epyc 7502P processor. In the
> BIOS of this system, we are able to define the amount of NUMA cells
> per socket (called NPS). We can set 1, 2 or 4. As we run a 2x
> 100Gbit/s Mellanox CX5 in this system as well, we use the preferred-
> io setting in the BIOS to give preferred io throughput to the
> Mellanox CX5.
> To make sure we get as high performance as possible, we set the NPS
> setting to 1, resulting in a single numa cell with 64 CPU threads
> available.
> Next, in Nova (train distribution), we demand huge pages. Hugepages
> however, demands a NUMAtopology, but as this is one large NUMA cell,
> even with cpu=dedicated or requesting a single numa domain, we fail:
> compute03, compute03 fails NUMA topology requirements. No host NUMA
> topology while the instance specified one. host_passes
> /usr/lib/python3/dist-
> packages/nova/scheduler/filters/

Oh, this is interesting. This would suggest that when NPS is configured
to 1, the host is presented as a UMA system and libvirt doesn't present
topology information for us to parse. That seems odd and goes against
how I though newer versions of libvirt worked.

What do you see for when you run e.g.:

 $ virsh capabilities | xmllint --xpath
'/capabilities/host/topology' -

> Any idea how to counter this? Setting NPS-2 will create two NUMA
> domains, but also cut our performance way down.

It's worth noting that by setting NP1 to 1, you're already cutting your
performance. This makes it look like you've got a single NUMA node but
of course, that doesn't change the physical design of the chip and
there are still multiple memory controllers, some of which will be
slower to access to from certain cores. You're simply mixing best and
worst case performance to provide an average. You said you have two SR-
IOV NICs. I assume you're bonding these NICs? If not, you could set NPS
to 2 and then ensure the NICs are in PCI slots that correspond to
different NUMA nodes. You can validate this configuration using tools
like 'lstopo' and 'numactl'.


> Thanks!
> Regards,
> Eyle

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