[openstack-dev] [nova] [cyborg] Race condition in the Cyborg/Nova flow
sundar.nadathur at intel.com
Fri Mar 23 04:27:23 UTC 2018
There seems to be a possibility of a race condition in the
Cyborg/Nova flow. Apologies for missing this earlier. (You can refer to
the proposed Cyborg/Nova spec
Consider the scenario where the flavor specifies a resource class for a
device type, and also specifies a function (e.g. encrypt) in the extra
specs. The Nova scheduler would only track the device type as a
resource, and Cyborg needs to track the availability of functions.
Further, to keep it simple, say all the functions exist all the time (no
To recap, here is the scheduler flow for this case:
* A request spec with a flavor comes to Nova conductor/scheduler. The
flavor has a device type as a resource class, and a function in the
* Placement API returns the list of RPs (compute nodes) which contain
the requested device types (but not necessarily the function).
* Cyborg will provide a custom filter which queries Cyborg DB. This
needs to check which hosts contain the needed function, and filter
out the rest.
* The scheduler selects one node from the filtered list, and the
request goes to the compute node.
For the filter to work, the Cyborg DB needs to maintain a table with
triples of (host, function type, #free units). The filter checks if a
given host has one or more free units of the requested function type.
But, to keep the # free units up to date, Cyborg on the selected compute
node needs to notify the Cyborg API to decrement the #free units when an
instance is spawned, and to increment them when resources are released.
Therein lies the catch: this loop from the compute node to controller is
susceptible to race conditions. For example, if two simultaneous
requests each ask for function A, and there is only one unit of that
available, the Cyborg filter will approve both, both may land on the
same host, and one will fail. This is because Cyborg on the controller
does not decrement resource usage due to one request before processing
the next request.
This is similar to this previous Nova scheduling issue
That was solved by having the scheduler claim a resource in Placement
for the selected node. I don't see an analog for Cyborg, since it would
not know which node is selected.
Thanks in advance for suggestions and solutions.
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