[openstack-dev] Climate Incubation Application
dbelova at mirantis.com
Mon Mar 3 16:00:04 UTC 2014
> Capacity planning not falling under Compute's umbrella is news to me,
> are you referring to Gantt and scheduling in general? Perhaps I don't
> fully understand the full extent of what 'capacity planning' actually
We intend that 'capacity' means not only 'compute capacity', but any kind
of resources capacity - we may plan not only compute resources usage, but
also storage, etc. Gantt is about 'where to schedule' potentially any kind
of resources, Climate is about 'when'. Term 'scheduling' in Climate sphere
has no reference to common OS scheduling process, here we mean something
like 'timetable', that's much closer. Capacity planning here is ability to
predict the fact of resource usage in future (for cloud providers), and
provide these resources to users.
> I don't see how Climate reserves resources is relevant to the user.
> From the user's point of view what is the benefit from making a
> reservation in the future? Versus what Nova supports today, asking for
> an instance in the present.
> Same thing from the operator's perspective, what is the benefit of
> taking reservations for the future?
Joe, I'll describe two original use cases, that were the reason for Climate
to be created. I suppose it might give idea of what we were thinking about
while its implementation.
Host reservation use case
This use case was born to fit XLcloud (http://www.xlcloud.org) project.
Needs of this project require usage of whole hosts compute capacities
without any other VMs running on them - and to create some kind of "hosts
usage timetable". The last thing is needed to implement energy efficiency
for OS cloud, where these High Performance Cloud Computing jobs will be
running on. That will allow to keep unused hosts in 'shut down' state and
to wake them up where they'll be really needed.
Steps for this use case may be described in the following way:
1) admin user marks some hosts from common pool as 'reservable' - these
hosts then will be given to user who wants to use their whole capacity and
will be 'isolated' to the solely use of Climate until they are freed
2) if user wants to use some of these hosts, he/she asks Climate to provide
some amount of these hosts with any wanted specs - like amount of RAM, CPU,
3) Climate remembers that these hosts will be used in some time for some
amount of time
4) when lease (contract between user and Climate) will start, user may use
these hosts to run VMs on them
In future we'll implement energy efficiency, that will completely fit this
first use case.
VM reservation use case
This use case was created as a result of automated virtual resource
allocation/reclaiming idea for dev clouds.
If company has dev cloud for its developers, it'll be great if there won't
be created and forgotten VMs running on - for this, process of VMs
booting/shutting them down should be automated and processed by some
Here was born idea of virtual reservations.
Some usual workflow for this use case looks like:
1) user knows that in future he'll need lab with some VMs in it and he asks
Climate to reserve them (now we've implemented one VM reservation)
2) Climate remembers that this VM will be used in some time for some amount
of time (now we've implemented plugins that keeps these VMs in shelved
state while they are not used)
3) when lease starts, Climate wakes this VM and it's completely ready to be
As we've discussed with Cafe project folks (
https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Cafe) - this ability will be helpful for
academic usage, where students also need to have automatically
allocated/reclaimed virtual resources.
As said, these two use cases were original ones, and now we're thinking
about more general view - any type of physical/virtual resource to be
managed in time. For example, we're planning to implement complex virtual
resource reservations (like Heat stacks), that will allow
developers/students to have working small OS clouds by the time they'll
Also Climate will be helpful in some way, close to mentioned by Anne -
usage of Climate+billing_service will allow to sell cloud resources to end
users in the following manner:
- if you're reserving resources far before you'll need them, it'll be
- if you're reserving resources just about small amount of time before
you'll need them, it'll be more expensive
That's not really AWS use case, where reserved resources are not guarantied
to user, but it might be un-guarantied type of reservation, that will be
much cheaper like:
- if you're reserving cloud resources without any guarantees you'll have
them, they will be much cheaper than guaranteed ones.
On Mon, Mar 3, 2014 at 6:27 PM, Anne Gentle <anne at openstack.org> wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 3, 2014 at 8:20 AM, Joe Gordon <joe.gordon0 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> On Mon, Mar 3, 2014 at 4:42 AM, Sylvain Bauza <sylvain.bauza at bull.net>
>> > Hi Joe,
>> > Thanks for your reply, I'll try to further explain.
>> > Le 03/03/2014 05:33, Joe Gordon a écrit :
>> >> On Sun, Mar 2, 2014 at 11:32 AM, Dina Belova <dbelova at mirantis.com>
>> >>> Hello, folks!
>> >>> I'd like to request Climate project review for incubation. Here is
>> >>> official
>> >>> incubation application:
>> >>> https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Climate/Incubation
>> >> I'm unclear on what Climate is trying to solve. I read the 'Detailed
>> >> Description' from the link above, and it states Climate is trying to
>> >> solve two uses cases (and the more generalized cases of those).
>> >> 1) Compute host reservation (when user with admin privileges can
>> >> reserve hardware resources that are dedicated to the sole use of a
>> >> tenant)
>> >> 2) Virtual machine (instance) reservation (when user may ask
>> >> reservation service to provide him working VM not necessary now, but
>> >> also in the future)
>> > Climate is born from the idea of dedicating compute resources to a
>> > tenant or user for a certain amount of time, which was not yet
>> > in Nova: how as an user, can I ask Nova for one compute host with
>> > specs to be exclusively allocated to my needs, starting in 2 days and
>> > freed in 5 days ?
>> > Albeit the exclusive resource lock can be managed on the Nova side,
>> there is
>> > currently no possibilities to ensure resource planner.
>> > Of course, and that's why we think Climate can also stand by its own
>> > Program, resource reservation can be seen on a more general way : what
>> > reserving an Heat stack with its volume and network nested resources ?
>> >> You want to support being able to reserve an instance in the future.
>> >> As a cloud operator how do I take advantage of that information? As a
>> >> cloud consumer, what is the benefit? Today OpenStack supports both
>> >> uses cases, except it can't request an Instance for the future.
>> > Again, that's not only reserving an instance, but rather a complex mix
>> > resources. At the moment, we do provide way to reserve virtual
>> instances by
>> > shelving/unshelving them at the lease start, but we also give
>> possibility to
>> > provide dedicated compute hosts. Considering it, the logic of resource
>> > allocation and scheduling (take the word as resource planner, in order
>> > to confuse with Nova's scheduler concerns) and capacity planning is too
>> > to fail under the Compute's umbrella, as it has been agreed within the
>> > Summit talks and periodical threads.
>> Capacity planning not falling under Compute's umbrella is news to me,
>> are you referring to Gantt and scheduling in general? Perhaps I don't
>> fully understand the full extent of what 'capacity planning' actually
>> > From the user standpoint, there are multiple ways to integrate with
>> > in order to get Capacity Planning capabilities. As you perhaps noticed,
>> > workflow for reserving resources is different from one plugin to
>> > Either we say the user has to explicitly request for dedicated resources
>> > (using Climate CLI, see dedicate compute hosts allocation), or we
>> > integrate resource allocation from the Nova API (see virtual instance
>> > hook).
>> I don't see how Climate reserves resources is relevant to the user.
>> > We truly accept our current implementation as a first prototype, where
>> > scheduling decisions can be improved (possibly thanks to some tight
>> > integration with a future external Scheduler aaS, hello Gantt), where
>> > resource isolation and preemption must also be integrated with
>> > (we're currently seeing how to provision Cinder volumes and Neutron
>> > and nets), but anyway we still think there is a (IMHO big) room for
>> > and capacity management on its own project.
>> > Hoping it's clearer now,
>> Unfortunately that doesn't clarify things for me.
>> From the user's point of view what is the benefit from making a
>> reservation in the future? Versus what Nova supports today, asking for
>> an instance in the present.
>> Same thing from the operator's perspective, what is the benefit of
>> taking reservations for the future?
>> This whole model is unclear to me because as far as I can tell no
>> other clouds out there support this model, so I have nothing to
>> compare it to.
> Hi Joe,
> I think it's meant to save consumers money by pricing instances based on
> today's prices.
>> > -Sylvain
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