[openstack-dev] [Neutron] [RFC] Floating IP idea solicitation and collaboration

Mathieu Rohon mathieu.rohon at gmail.com
Mon Dec 15 10:15:50 UTC 2014

Hi Ryan,

We have been working on similar Use cases to announce /32 with the
Bagpipe BGPSpeaker that supports EVPN.
Please have a look at use case B in [1][2].
Note also that the L2population Mechanism driver for ML2, that is
compatible with OVS, Linuxbridge and ryu ofagent, is inspired by EVPN,
and I'm sure it could help in your use case



On Thu, Dec 4, 2014 at 12:02 AM, Ryan Clevenger
<ryan.clevenger at rackspace.com> wrote:
> Hi,
> At Rackspace, we have a need to create a higher level networking service
> primarily for the purpose of creating a Floating IP solution in our
> environment. The current solutions for Floating IPs, being tied to plugin
> implementations, does not meet our needs at scale for the following reasons:
> 1. Limited endpoint H/A mainly targeting failover only and not multi-active
> endpoints,
> 2. Lack of noisy neighbor and DDOS mitigation,
> 3. IP fragmentation (with cells, public connectivity is terminated inside
> each cell leading to fragmentation and IP stranding when cell CPU/Memory use
> doesn't line up with allocated IP blocks. Abstracting public connectivity
> away from nova installations allows for much more efficient use of those
> precious IPv4 blocks).
> 4. Diversity in transit (multiple encapsulation and transit types on a per
> floating ip basis).
> We realize that network infrastructures are often unique and such a solution
> would likely diverge from provider to provider. However, we would love to
> collaborate with the community to see if such a project could be built that
> would meet the needs of providers at scale. We believe that, at its core,
> this solution would boil down to terminating north<->south traffic
> temporarily at a massively horizontally scalable centralized core and then
> encapsulating traffic east<->west to a specific host based on the
> association setup via the current L3 router's extension's 'floatingips'
> resource.
> Our current idea, involves using Open vSwitch for header rewriting and
> tunnel encapsulation combined with a set of Ryu applications for management:
> https://i.imgur.com/bivSdcC.png
> The Ryu application uses Ryu's BGP support to announce up to the Public
> Routing layer individual floating ips (/32's or /128's) which are then
> summarized and announced to the rest of the datacenter. If a particular
> floating ip is experiencing unusually large traffic (DDOS, slashdot effect,
> etc.), the Ryu application could change the announcements up to the Public
> layer to shift that traffic to dedicated hosts setup for that purpose. It
> also announces a single /32 "Tunnel Endpoint" ip downstream to the TunnelNet
> Routing system which provides transit to and from the cells and their
> hypervisors. Since traffic from either direction can then end up on any of
> the FLIP hosts, a simple flow table to modify the MAC and IP in either the
> SRC or DST fields (depending on traffic direction) allows the system to be
> completely stateless. We have proven this out (with static routing and
> flows) to work reliably in a small lab setup.
> On the hypervisor side, we currently plumb networks into separate OVS
> bridges. Another Ryu application would control the bridge that handles
> overlay networking to selectively divert traffic destined for the default
> gateway up to the FLIP NAT systems, taking into account any configured
> logical routing and local L2 traffic to pass out into the existing overlay
> fabric undisturbed.
> Adding in support for L2VPN EVPN
> (https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-l2vpn-evpn-11) and L2VPN EVPN
> Overlay (https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-sd-l2vpn-evpn-overlay-03) to the
> Ryu BGP speaker will allow the hypervisor side Ryu application to advertise
> up to the FLIP system reachability information to take into account VM
> failover, live-migrate, and supported encapsulation types. We believe that
> decoupling the tunnel endpoint discovery from the control plane
> (Nova/Neutron) will provide for a more robust solution as well as allow for
> use outside of openstack if desired.
> ________________________________________
> Ryan Clevenger
> Manager, Cloud Engineering - US
> m: 678.548.7261
> e: ryan.clevenger at rackspace.com
> _______________________________________________
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> OpenStack-dev at lists.openstack.org
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