[openstack-dev] [Fuel] Speed Up RabbitMQ Recovering

Vladimir Kuklin vkuklin at mirantis.com
Tue Apr 28 11:34:29 UTC 2015

Hi, Zhou

Thank you for writing these awesome recommendations.

We will look into them and see whether they provide significant impact.
BTW, we have found a bunch of issues with our 5.1 and 6.0 RabbitMQ OCF
script and fixed them in current master. Would you be so kind as to check
out the newest version and say if any of issues mentioned by you are gone?

On Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 9:03 AM, Zhou Zheng Sheng / 周征晟 <
zhengsheng at awcloud.com> wrote:

>  Hello,
> I using Fuel 6.0.1 and find that RabbitMQ recover time is long after power
> failure. I have a running HA environment, then I reset power of all the
> machines at the same time. I observe that after reboot it usually takes 10
> minutes for RabittMQ cluster to appear running master-slave mode in
> pacemaker. If I power off all the 3 controllers and only start 2 of them,
> the downtime sometimes can be as long as 20 minutes.
> I have a little investigation and find out there are some possible causes.
> 1. MySQL Recovery Takes Too Long [1] and Blocking RabbitMQ Clustering in
> Pacemaker
> The pacemaker resource p_mysql start timeout is set to 475s. Sometimes
> MySQL-wss fails to start after power failure, and pacemaker would wait 475s
> before retry starting it. The problem is that pacemaker divides resource
> state transitions into batches. Since RabbitMQ is master-slave resource, I
> assume that starting all the slaves and promoting master are put into two
> different batches. If unfortunately starting all RabbitMQ slaves are put in
> the same batch as MySQL starting, even if RabbitMQ slaves and all other
> resources are ready, pacemaker will not continue but just wait for MySQL
> timeout.
> I can re-produce this by hard powering off all the controllers and start
> them again. It's more likely to trigger MySQL failure in this way. Then I
> observe that if there is one cloned mysql instance not starting, the whole
> pacemaker cluster gets stuck and does not emit any log. On the host of the
> failed instance, I can see a mysql resource agent process calling the sleep
> command. If I kill that process, the pacemaker comes back alive and
> RabbitMQ master gets promoted. In fact this long timeout is blocking every
> resource from state transition in pacemaker.
> This maybe a known problem of pacemaker and there are some discussions in
> Linux-HA mailing list [2]. It might not be fixed in the near future. It
> seems in generally it's bad to have long timeout in state transition
> actions (start/stop/promote/demote). There maybe another way to implement
> MySQL-wss resource agent to use a short start timeout and monitor the wss
> cluster state using monitor action.
> I also find a fix to improve MySQL start timeout [3]. It shortens the
> timeout to 300s. At the time I sending this email, I can not find it in
> stable/6.0 branch. Maybe the maintainer needs to cherry-pick it to
> stable/6.0 ?
> [1] https://bugs.launchpad.net/fuel/+bug/1441885
> [2] http://lists.linux-ha.org/pipermail/linux-ha/2014-March/047989.html
> [3] https://review.openstack.org/#/c/171333/
> 2. RabbitMQ Resource Agent Breaks Existing Cluster
> Read the code of the RabbitMQ resource agent, I find it does the following
> to start RabbitMQ master-slave cluster.
> On all the controllers:
> (1) Start Erlang beam process
> (2) Start RabbitMQ App (If failed, reset mnesia DB and cluster state)
> (3) Stop RabbitMQ App but do not stop the beam process
> Then in pacemaker, all the RabbitMQ instances are in slave state. After
> pacemaker determines the master, it does the following.
> On the to-be-master host:
> (4) Start RabbitMQ App (If failed, reset mnesia DB and cluster state)
> On the slaves hosts:
> (5) Start RabbitMQ App (If failed, reset mnesia DB and cluster state)
> (6) Join RabbitMQ cluster of the master host
> As far as I can understand, this process is to make sure the master
> determined by pacemaker is the same as the master determined in RabbitMQ
> cluster. If there is no existing cluster, it's fine. If it is run after
> power failure and recovery, it introduces the a new problem.
> After power recovery, if some of the RabbitMQ instances reach step (2)
> roughly at the same time (within 30s which is hard coded in RabbitMQ) as
> the original RabbitMQ master instance, they form the original cluster again
> and then shutdown. The other instances would have to wait for 30s before it
> reports failure waiting for tables, and be  reset to a standalone cluster.
> In RabbitMQ documentation [4], it is also mentioned that if we shutdown
> RabbitMQ master, a new master is elected from the rest of slaves. If we
> continue to shutdown nodes in step (3), we reach a point that the last node
> is the RabbitMQ master, and pacemaker is not aware of it. I can see there
> is code to bookkeeping a "rabbit-start-time" attribute in pacemaker to
> record the most long lived instance to help pacemaker determine the master,
> but it does not cover the case mentioned above. A recent patch [5] checks
> existing "rabbit-master" attribute but it neither cover the above case.
> So in step (4), pacemaker determines a different master which was a
> RabbitMQ slave last time. It would wait for its original RabbitMQ master
> for 30s and fail, then it gets reset to a standalone cluster. Here we get
> some different clusters, so in step (5) and (6), it is likely to report
> error in log saying timeout waiting for tables or fail to merge mnesia
> database schema, then the those instances get reset. You can easily
> re-produce the case by hard resetting power of all the controllers.
> As you can see, if you are unlucky, there would be several "30s timeout
> and reset" before you finally get a healthy RabbitMQ cluster.
> I find three possible solutions.
> A. Using rabbitmqctl force_boot option [6]
> It will skips waiting for 30s and resetting cluster, but just assume the
> current node is the master and continue to operate. This is feasible
> because the original RabbitMQ master would discards the local state and
> sync with the new master after it joins a new cluster [7]. So we can be
> sure that after step (4) and (6), the pacemaker determined master instance
> is started unconditionally, and it will be the same as RabbitMQ master, and
> all operations run without 30s timeout. I find this option is only
> available in newer RabbitMQ release, and updating RabbitMQ might introduce
> other compatibility problems.
> B. Turn RabbitMQ into cloned instance and use pause_minority instead of
> autoheal [8]
> This works like MySQL-wss. It let RabbitMQ cluster itself deal with
> partition in a manner similar to pacemaker quorum mechanism. When there is
> network partition, instances in the minority partition pauses themselves
> automatically. Pacemaker does not have to track who is the RabbitMQ master,
> who lives longest, who to promote... It just starts all the clones, done.
> This leads to huge change in RabbitMQ resource agent, and the stability and
> other impact is to be tested.
> C. Creating a "force_load" file
> After reading RabbitMQ source code, I find that the actual thing it does
> in solution A is just creating an empty file named "force_load" in mnesia
> database dir, then mnesia thinks it is the last node shut down in the last
> time and boot itself as the master. This implementation keeps the same from
> v3.1.4 to the latest RabbitMQ master branch. I think we can make use of
> this little trick. The change is adding just one line in
> "try_to_start_rmq_app()" function.
> touch "${MNESIA_FILES}/force_load" && \
>   chown rabbitmq:rabbitmq "${MNESIA_FILES}/force_load"
> [4] http://www.rabbitmq.com/ha.html
> [5] https://review.openstack.org/#/c/169291/
> [6] https://www.rabbitmq.com/clustering.html
> [7] http://www.rabbitmq.com/partitions.html#recovering
> [8] http://www.rabbitmq.com/partitions.html#automatic-handling
> Maybe you have better ideas on this. Please share your thoughts.
> ----
> Best wishes!
> Zhou Zheng Sheng / 周征晟  Software Engineer
> Beijing AWcloud Software Co., Ltd.
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Yours Faithfully,
Vladimir Kuklin,
Fuel Library Tech Lead,
Mirantis, Inc.
+7 (495) 640-49-04
+7 (926) 702-39-68
Skype kuklinvv
35bk3, Vorontsovskaya Str.
Moscow, Russia,
www.mirantis.com <http://www.mirantis.ru/>
vkuklin at mirantis.com
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